Western Gnats Maharashtra is a mountain range located in the western part of India. Ghats stretch for 1600 km along the western part of the Deccan plateau, separating it from the Arabian Sea. Mountains occupy 60 000 square kilometers, elevation of 1,200 meters, the highest point is Anamudi (2695 m). The Western Ghats form one of the watersheds of India. They give rise to important rivers of peninsular India the current from west to east in the Bay of Bengal, such as Krishna, Godavari and Cauvery, and from east to west into the Arabian Sea Karaman River. On many rivers in Maharashtra and Kerala built reservoir.
Mountain stop western monsoon winds that carry rain, and therefore in them much rain falls, especially on the western slopes. Dense forests also contribute to the precipitation in this area. The indigenous people of the western slopes the representatives of these small tribal groups who speak a variety of languages, but united by common traditions and religions. Here worship ancestral spirits, poisonous snakes and buffaloes. Major tribes are Konkani and tuluva. The life of these people is quite interesting and unusual. Tourists are always interested to learn customs and traditions of the local population.
The greatest wealth of the Western Ghats Maharashtra is the tea terraces with rows of tea bushes were made in the late XIX century under the leadership of the British East India Company. After the departure of the British plantations were saved, and today India is the second country in the world by the number of produced tea after China.
Western Ghats is also the largest number of protected areas in India. Here survive the last remaining in the country of rare species: Indian leopard, sambar deer and muntjac, spiny dormouse, Nilgiri marten, primate hooded Gulman. The total number of species under threat of complete destruction and living in the area of the Western Ghats is about 325. Currently, significant changes are taking place in the climate of the Western Ghats. Previously, every year from September to December on the slopes of the Western Ghats, especially Anaykati, gathered from around the world wishing to admire by the magnificent butterflies.
Now the number of fluttering insects decreased dramatically. The reasons for these phenomenon scientists see global climate change, and the Western Ghats were the most sensitive to them from all over the world. Played a role, and forest fires, and the expansion of the road network of plantations. Cities in the Western Ghats are located at a considerable height above the sea level, for example, the popular Indian resort town of Udhagamandalam is situated at an altitude of 2200 m. The largest city in Western Ghats Pune is the first capital of the Maratha Empire. Fresh air and indescribable beauty is what attracts many to this beautiful place.
Another well-known city in the Western Ghats is Palakkad. It is located close to a wide (40 km) Palakkad’s passage that separates the southernmost part of the Western Ghats on the north. The passage also serves as a major source of wind energy: the average wind speed is up to 18-22 km / h and across the aisle to build more wind farms. The beauty of the mountains captivates with its greatness. Travelers always get a lot of pleasant impressions after seeing here. Be sure to visit this beautiful place, which is filled with incredible energy. Tourists from different countries with pleasure agree on a journey into the mountains.