The mysterious and sacred place in India, which is worth visiting for this adventure Elephanta caves in Mumbai. The biggest temple and the main sanctuary in the cave complex is the temple of Brahma, which is carved into the bicipital rock in the western part of the island. It is a room with dozens of columns, substantially damaged, but maintains a slim carving. It is a massive and majestic statue of the deity Shiva Maheshvaramurty about 6 meters high.
It is a bust with three heads (Trimurti), depicting the god Shiva in its three guises, namely the Creator, Protector and Destroyer.
There are numerous relief images of demons and the guards, which differ remarkably high for this era of finishing quality, detail and a distinctive movement. For example, with an unusual subtlety made images of clouds over the mountains and female hairstyles. All images are illustrations of religious myths of the god Shiva. Elephanta Caves Mumbai is located in the heart of the island Gharapuri or Elephanta, the island can be found in the Arabian Sea near the city of Mumbai.
Yet this island is called the “City of Caves” it includes a large amount of rock art, which is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The main sight there considered the 5-meter large three-headed bust of Shiva. By the entrance of the temple are the massive stone steps. Tall columns support overhanging arch. The Many Faces of Shiva greets visitors, bewitching its size and detail processing basalt rock. The interior of the ancient temple consists of endless wall reliefs depicting the life of Lord Shiva, his deeds, and three images.
Artistic features of Elephanta caves in Mumbai
A visit to the caves will leave a deep ethical and religious imprint on the soul of every tourist.
Caves, which are dedicated to Shiva, are famous ancient Elephanta caves in Mumbai, they are carved in the rocks, and constitute the whole temple complex. For the construction of these complex used seven caves, they are concatenated into a single ensemble.
The most important among these architectural works considered Mahesamurti cave. In it are the big stone steps. The vaults of the temple halls prop stone pillars that adorn the carving, and Halls are decorated with bas-reliefs, sculptures, and images of different deities such as Shiva Dancing, wedding episodes of Shiva and his wife Parvati. Elephanta caves Mumbai are located in the central part of the island, occupy about 60,000 square feet, and it includes a central hall, two side and a large number of small patios and many sanctuaries. In ancient times, the main entrance was on the east side and the northern entrance served as the auxiliary.
In the center of the eastern courtyard stands a pedestal, it is designed for the location of the statue of the bull Nandi, who was rideable animal of Shiva. The exact date of the creation of the caves is unknown. It is assumed that it is approximately VII century BC, just as the ancient Indian Gupta Empire experienced its “golden age”, and culture flourished and developed.
Moving east from the center of the cave, and then, turning to the south, the road leads to the other four caves of Elephanta, they are arranged in a row across the eastern slope of the hill.
The surroundings of this place amazing all their exquisite beauty
In one of these caves you will see dilapidated ancient columns, made of a material similar to the sandstone, at the moment they are in the process of restoration.