Malaria in India is widespread throughout tropical and subtropical zone, and in the temperate zone – wherever there are circumstances for the progress of mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles, the grub of which live in small freshwater ponds. It captures not only the southern, but partly also in Central Europe.
In Russia and in the first decennial of the Soviet Union, malaria was prevalent in the Caucasus, the Middle and Lower Volga, Ukraine, Central Asia. For example, in 1935 the Soviet Union was registered 9 million. In the Soviet Union, malaria was eradicated.
Now, malaria India and many countries in Africa, South America
Malaria in India the mid-60s it marked about 200 thousand. Cases per year. Fighting with malaria India is one of the central tasks of the health authorities of the United Nations and individual governments.
Malaria India begins after an artificial incubation period of about 2 weeks, and in some forms of malaria – up to 6 months or more. The sickness is the nature of the right of intermittent fever, in which the febrile seizures at 40 * C and above alternate with periods of standard temperature (Fig. 48). This happens because each bout of malaria match with the completion of schizogony of the parasite. The attack coincides with the moment when formed by schizogony merozoites leave and introduce red blood cells in opposition the blood plasma. With the puncture of red blood cells in the blood to the products produced by the pest and causing an attack of malaria. After the insertion of merozoites into erythrocytes attack is terminated before the new schizogony.
In man 4 parasitic species of the generation Plasmodium, which differentiate from each other by some morphological and biological features. One of them (Pl. Malariae) intervals between two consecutive asexual reproduction is 72 hours, why the disease has been called 4-day fever. In another (especially widespread) of the form (Pl. Vivax), this period is 48 hours. This 3-day fever. Finally, the third type (Pl. Falciparum) a period of about the same, but the rupture between the two attacks sometimes almost reduced to 24 hours, as the period of high temperature lasts long. This tropical – the most malignant form of malaria. Later, the other is described another kind of human malaria – Pl. ovale; it is rare in tropic Africa, the Soviet Union could not be found.
Furthermore febrile seizures malaria expressed in severe anemia (anemia), in which the item of red blood cells in 1 mm3 may fall between 5 (normal) to 1 million. In the blood of patients as well as in the liver and milt accumulated melanin from disrupted erythrocytes; liver and spleen, especially the greatly enlarged.
Malaria prophylaxis India is a good result
Malaria control is conducted in several directions. Effective measure malaria prophylaxis India – drying reservoirs, giving shelter larvae of Anopheles. To destroy the larvae used petrolization. The oil distribution over the region of water enters the breathing hole larvae rise to the superficies. Of great importance is dusting aircraft reservoirs with powdered poisons – insecticides. This method should be used very attentively, as excessive use of poisons can kill the aggregate population of the pond. Kill adult mosquitoes in the winter on the wintering grounds – in the cellars, stalls, etc. Applied and genetic methods of carrier control. Their essence is the following. Males caught Anopheles exposed to radiation and X-rays. This disrupts the normal course of meiosis. Being released into the wild, they nourish the females that lay eggs after that, or an inability to develop or give sterile offspring.
For the destruction of the human body caught in malaria prophylaxis India parasites practiced quinine, quinacrine and other drugs.