The highest tower in India, “the seventh wonder of Hindustan”, once hold in the center of the city, worn in XII-XIII centuries. Rai Pithora name.
(The height of the tower, 72.55 m in diameter at the base – 14.4 m, diameter at the top of – 2.44 m)
Nobody knows for sure who and when it was started the structure of this majestic monument. Its origins are lost in myth and legend. It is believed, that the first floor of the tower, also known as Stambha Vijay (Victory Column), was built by Prithviraj Chauhan Rajput prince in 1191 ostensibly to his beloved and extremely pious daughter Suraj Mukhi could before eating, rising tower, getting inspiration from the thinking of the holy river Yamuna. In 1199 the first floor was supposedly converted Muslim ruler Kutbuddin Aibek, after which she received a new name – Delhi Kutub Minar.
Descendants Kutbuddin Aibek added onto the second and third floors in the 1210-1236 biennium., And the fourth and fifth were added to them in the average of the reign of Firuzshahe Tughluq in 1370 on the tower itself has many inscriptions that tell of its construction, restoration, and a wide variety of alterations. Once the Kutub Minar Delhi was crowned with a bell, which collapsed in the quake in 1803 A European engineer trying to rebuild the dome, but the efforts have not been prosperous: the dome and left lying in the garden near the tower. As a result of earthquakes and rains tower leaned more, however, as devout Muslims believe, sayings from the Koran, carved on the point surface of Arabic, gave her the strength to resist the elements.
Delhi Kutub Minar is built gradually
And today, after more than eight centenary after its creation, going 156 degrees (a total of 379 in the tower), you can go up, however, only to the first balcony. Brutal canons of Hindu religion, requiring compliance with the practice of widows “sati” (self-immolation), as well as their extremely difficult situation in the Hindu families pushing many women to commit suicide, and all floors of the tower was enclosed to the public, including the first.
Many scientists and architects are still arguing: whether the Delhi Kutub Minar to the monuments of architecture Hindu or Muslim? Certificates and that and other points of view are very contradictory. Entrance to the tower converted to the north, while the entrances to all the other floors facing east. The tower stands directly in the ground, not on the platform, like most Muslim monuments were built, and bells, carved in stone on the walls of the land floor – also typical decorative element of Hindu architecture. Perhaps sayings from the Koran were divided on the side of the tower later.
The creators of the Kutubminar, certainly were not only talented mathematicians – and they had a rare artistic taste. That is why, contrary the difference in the finishing of floors, the tower still strikes the imagination of all who come to admire it.
Kutub Minar Delhi – one of the two oldest dating from the twelfth century Arab monuments of India
There is also near Delhi Kutab Mosque, built in 1190, the year. Tower Kutab its conical shape and brown color reminiscent of the long barrel. Her resplendent with many carved balconies, belts of inscriptions and arabesques. Actually, the Arabic style here are only ornaments and galleries. Under this name and the famous tower in Europe. Feature shape of the monument specify that it was allotted by architect Hindu. In India, this tower is considered a miracle. Mr. Garcin de Gassi cites one of the most important manuscripts belonging to Said Ahmad Khan: near Kutubminar can see the remainder of the mosque. It was once a Hindu temple. Building dates back to its 587th year of the Hegira (Islamic calendar, or 1191 AD).
The complex Kutubminar is one of the most immeasurable structures in the world
The famous seven-meter iron column cast in the IV century BC, and stainless for more than 1500 years. There is an antique belief: the one who will be back to the column, and will bring her hands, turns fondest wish. Indians not accidental endow this column miraculous powers. She really has a unique feature: iron, cast 15 centuries ago, does not rust. How could the ancient masters to create chemically pure iron, which is arduous to obtain even in modern electrolytic furnaces? As we found in the IV century cast metal column height of 7 meters and a thickness of girth? Explanations of this miracle of science does not know. Some scientists believe the iron column rare evidence of the material culture of long-vanished ancient civilization, while others tend to see in it “will star newcomers”, a coded message of unknown creatures, once visited Earth and leave this column as “memory of the future.”